Jamaican Cerassee In Jamaican Food
Jamaican Cerassee Preparation
Jamaican cerassee is
native to Africa, the Middle East and the Mediterranean area. Jamaican
cerassee was introduced to Brazil by African slaves and from there Jamaican
cerassee spread to the rest of Latin America and the West Indies. Today
Jamaican cerassee is a staple in Jamaica, where Jamaican cerassee grows
wild. Jamaican cerassee also grows wild in Asia where Jamaican cerassee is
used medicinally, and as a vegetable. A Jamaican cerassee tea made of the
vine is used for diabetes, hypertension, worms, dysentery, and malaria and
as a general tonic and blood purifier. Jamaican cerassee is also very
effective to relieve constipation and colds and fevers in children.
The Jamaican cerassee fruit does not have any Jamaican cerassee seeds. A
climbing annual Jamaican cerassee plant cultivated in gardens for the sake
of its ornamental Jamaican cerassee fruit, which is of a rich orange red
color, ovate attenuated towards each extremity, angular, warty, not unlike a
cucumber. The name is derived from Mordio, to bite, so called from the
bitten appearance. The Jamaican cerassee plant has not been examined
qualitatively. A liniment is made by adding the pulped Jamaican cerassee
fruit (without the Jamaican cerassee seeds) to almond oil. This is useful
for piles, burns, chapped hands, etc. The pulp is also used as a poultice.
The fluid extract is used for dropsy. Caution is required in administering
large doses resulting in death. A dose of 6 to 15 grains is apt for any one
Jamaican cerassee, a wild variety of Momordica charantia is traditionally
prepared as a Jamaican cerassee tea for the treatment of diabetes mellitus
in the West Indies and Central America. To investigate a possible
hypoglycemic effect, concentrated aqueous extracts of Jamaican cerassee were
administered to normal and streptozotocin diabetic mice. In normal mice,
intraperitoneal administration of Jamaican cerassee improved glucose
tolerance after 8 hr, and in streptozotocin diabetic mice the level of
hyperglycemia was reduced by 50% after 5 hr. Cchronicoral administration of
Jamaican cerassee to normal mice for 13 days improved glucose tolerance. The
Jamaican cerassee extracts did not significantly alter plasma insulin
concentrations, suggesting that Jamaican cerassee may exert an extra
pancreatic effect to promote glucose disposal.
Jamaican cerassee contains a bitter principle, momordocin. The young
Jamaican cerassee leaf contains 3.6 µgm. /100 gm of vitamin C and yields two
resin acids and momordocin. An extract of the Jamaican cerassee leaf has
given positive antibiotic tests with three out of five pathogens with which
Jamaican cerassee have been tested. Although Jamaican cerassee is used as an
anti-diabetic, careful tests do not support this use. Jamaican cerassee has
some hypoglycemic action when tested in rabbits. An infusion of the Jamaican
cerassee plant has shown mild, but not consistent, anti-malarial effects.
Hence the use of the Jamaican cerassee plant by the Jamaicans for "paludismo"
and sometimes referred to as "yellow fever Jamaican cerassee tree sickness".
The Jamaican cerassee plant contains a highly aromatic volatile oil, a fixed
oil, carotene, a resin, two alkaloids one of which is momordocin and a
saponin. Momordocin is an amaroid and is obtained as a crystalline powder.
Jamaican cerassee also contains 0.038 % of an unnamed alkaloid. The total
carotenoid pigment is estimated at 8.53 µgm. and the vitamin A potency is
2.4 to 5.6 IU/gm.
A clear reddish-brown oil from the Jamaican cerassee seed assays 46.7 % a-eleos.
Jamaican cerassee tearic acid, 7.7 % of linoleic acid, 15.8 % of oleic acid
and 29.8 % of Jamaican cerassee tearic acid. The dried Jamaican cerassee
root yields 12.84 % of ash and the dried Jamaican cerassee fruit 11.7 % and
both ashes contain iron, phosphorus and calcium. In Northern Zimbabwe the
feeding of 1lb of the Jamaican cerassee leaf and Jamaican cerassee flower to
a sheep over three weeks has produced no ill effects. Where Jamaican
cerassee is consumed regularly, there are no occurrences of osteoporosis.
Jamaican cerassee is the traditional and conventional consensus that this
can be attributed to Jamaican cerassee. In defense of this analysis, African
herbalist practitioners, point as evidence the fact that Jamaican cerassee.
Consumers show an increased strength in their nails and hair. Generally the
bone structure of these consumers is strong and healthy.
In particular, Jamaican conventional doctors used to comment on the bone
strength of the locals. A famous episode with one such conventional doctor
occurred when the doctor broke a broom over the head of a local during an
argument. The impact was so hard that the broken broom flew to the roof, hit
the roof and come back hitting the doctor over his head and cracking
Jamaican cerassee. The local sustained a bump while the doctor had to have
Jamaican cerassee is rich in vitamin A, vitamin C, Calcium and Iron and in
their natural form; these vitamins and minerals are easily absorbed by the
system, strengthening the bones thereby avoiding osteoporosis. Following a
proper diet with the right amounts of minerals, vitamins and regular intake
of Jamaican cerassee will reduce the risk of osteoporosis. Jamaican
cerasee's high concentration of Calcium and other bone-friendly minerals and
vitamins help the body increase bone density.
Jamaican cerassee is a wise decision to start taking Jamaican cerassee. From
as early as ten years old, during the fast growing period of a child. Later
in life, regular exercise and regular intake of Jamaican cerassee will help
build bone mass. Women are especially at risk of contacting osteoporosis, in
particular after menopause, when estrogen levels drop and are therefore
advised to take Jamaican cerassee regularly.
When bruised the Jamaican cerassee plant emits a strongly unpleasant smell.
The Zulu use Jamaican cerassee as a liniment, made by infusing the Jamaican
cerassee fruit (minus the Jamaican cerassee seed) in olive or almond oil, as
an application to chapped hands, burns and hemorrhoids. The mashed Jamaican
cerassee fruit is used as a poultice. Extracts have been administered for
the relief of dropsy. Outside South Africa, Jamaican cerassee as a liniment,
made by infusing the Jamaican cerassee fruit (minus the Jamaican cerassee
seed) in olive or almond oil, as an application to chapped hands, burns and
and the mashed Jamaican cerassee fruit is used as a poultice. Extracts have
been administered for the relief of dropsy.
The Shangaan use the Jamaican cerassee leaves in Jamaican cerassee tea form
as a blood purifier and for liver deficiencies. In nutritional
deprived areas and in winter (dry season), postnatal mothers eat the
Jamaican cerassee leaves to stimulate milk production. In the southern parts
of Mozambique the Jamaican cerassee leaves are taken as an anti-inflammatory
remedy and particular sought for urinary tract inflammations. The Jamaican
cerassee fruit is especially appreciated for its bitter taste by the
Shangaan and the Kanuri of North-East Nigeria.
Jamaicans are particularly fond of the Jamaican cerassee leaves and use them
as an herbal medicine and culinary herb. The Jamaican cerassee leaves in
Jamaican cerassee tea form are used for diabetes, digestive disorders,
fevers, ulcers and a mild form of malaria "paludismo". Jamaican cerassee is
especially sought after as a detoxifier. A culinary specialty recommends the
Jamaican cerassee leaves, ground peanuts and honey is mixed together and
used as a sauce in chicken and meat dishes.
Jamaican cerassee is much used in West Africa as a medicine in both man and
horse, particular as a bitter stomachic, as a wash for fever and yaws, and
as a purgative. The Jamaican cerassee fruit pulp or the pounded Jamaican
cerassee fruit mixed with oil is used as an antiphlogistic dressing. The
Jamaican cerassee root is sometimes an ingredient in an aphrodisiac
preparation and in the treatment of urethral discharges. The Jamaican
cerassee fruit is used for making a poultice and the Jamaican cerassee plant
a bitter tonic. The tender Jamaican cerassee fruit and shoot are sometimes
boiled with meat and both Jamaican cerassee leaf and Jamaican cerassee fruit
are added to soup probably as a vehicle for medicinal uses.
Among the Ngizim of Bornu the Jamaican cerassee leaf is placed in the water
used for ceremonial purposes. The young Jamaican cerassee leaf and tendril
are used by the Pedi as a potherb and as an anti-emetic. Dragendorff says
the ripe Jamaican cerassee fruit is used for colic, as an emetic and drastic
purgative. He also reports the use of the Jamaican cerassee seed with oil in
the treatment of hemorrhoids, frostbite and burns, and the Jamaican cerassee
root for jaundice and diseases of the liver.
Jamaican cerassee is used In the Congo for colic. In the Indian Peninsula,
the whole Jamaican cerassee plant mixed with other herbs is used for
psoriasis, scabies and other coetaneous diseases. In Japan, Jamaican
cerassee enters in the composition of a remedy for Jamaican cerassee skin
ailments. In China the Jamaican cerassee is considered a traditional
medicine and is widely used by Chinese traditional doctors worldwide.
Jamaican cerassee medicinal properties change according to the environment
in which Jamaican cerassee is found. Climate and soil play an important role
in the concentration of its active ingredients and medicinal properties.
Jamaican cerassee is believed that Southern Africa has three different
subspecies of Momordica, each exhibiting particular properties. Digestive
Tonic is made with Jamaican cerassee. A true wonder of the African Herbal
kingdom, Jamaican cerassee is well known within all its communities. An
ancient and potent herbal remedy, Jamaican cerassee is sold by African
herbalists, traditional herbal establishments and often recommended by
Jamaican cerassee is traditionally used as a digestive, liver and pancreas
tonic. Jamaican cerassee is effective at detoxifying the body and
counteracting the effects of overindulgence in fatty and spicy foods and
alcohol. The Momordica species is used in homeopathic medicine, African,
Indian and Chinese traditional medicines and is a registered medicine in
Eastern countries. Jamaican cerassee is considered as one of the most
popular African herbs and often available in the street markets of African
cities. Jamaican cerassee is consumed in countries such as Portugal, India,
Japan, the Philippines, Puerto Rica, China. Jamaican cerassee is safe to use
with no known side effects, and is suitable and recommended for children. As
a detoxifier, digestive and liver tonic, Jamaican cerassee rates as a clear
favorite and is regarded as one of the most effective herbal treatments for
said indications. Due to Jamaican cerassee's nourishing effect on the liver,
Jamaican cerassee has an invigorating effect on the whole body. For further
information and properties of this herb, please read our Jamaican cerassee
Jamaican cerassee is rich in vitamins A & C, carotene, calcium, iron,
phosphorous and alkaloids and increases energy and stamina. Jamaican
cerassee cleanses the body of harmful toxins thereby increasing energy,
vitality and stamina. Jamaican cerassee is nutritious. Because Jamaican
cerassee is natural, the vitamins and minerals contained in the Jamaican
cerassee are easily absorbed by the digestive system thereby allowing for
greater absorption and efficacy. Jamaican cerassee is highly recommended for
osteoporosis sufferers. Where Jamaican cerassee is regularly consumed there
has been is no occurrence of osteoporosis Jamaican cerassee should be used
moderately. Jamaican cerassee is recommended for suffers of ulcers (stomach
and duodenum), bile and digestive disorders. Momordica passed three out of
five pathogen tests and is considered as a natural antibiotic
Besides the African following of this herb, Jamaican cerassee effectiveness
is admired and respected by homeopaths and conventional doctors, who have
personally experienced its effects on their patients. Jamaican cerassee's
richness in natural vitamins and minerals greatly contribute to its efficacy
and quality. Jamaican cerassee's benefits are such that UNICEF field workers
are known to advise parents to supplement their children's diets with
Jamaican cerassee. In areas where Jamaican cerassee is consumed regularly,
there is no occurrence of osteoporosis. Jamaican cerassee consumers also
show an increase in the strength of their nails and hair. Jamaican cerassee
is rich in vitamin A, vitamin C, iron and calcium and in their natural form
they are easily absorbed by the system.
There are no signs of toxicity with this remedy. The Jamaican cerassee fruit
of the Jamaican cerassee is considered to be a purgative. Each capsule
contains 300 mg Jamaican cerassee, 50 mg enzymes, and 10 mg Magnesium
Jamaican cerassee tea rate. Digestive Tonic is free from artificial
preservatives, chemicals, colorants, sugar and alcohol. 3 to 4 capsules
daily, ½ hour before meals with a full glass of water. There are no recorded
side effects from the use of Jamaican cerassee. For severe cases of
conditions, six capsules of Digestive Tonic can be taken daily at regular
Patients with a hypersensitivity to any of the Jamaican cerassee plant
species or ingredients. Not to be taken during pregnancy. Jamaican cerassee
is traditionally used in the support of liver detoxification, digestive
tract disorders, gall bladders disorders, ulcers, bile and urinary tract
inflammation. Jamaican cerassee is also recommended for diabetic patients.
Due to Jamaican cerassee's nourishing effect on the liver, Jamaican cerassee
has an invigorating effect on the whole body.
In areas where Jamaican cerassee is consumed regularly, there is no
occurrence of osteoporosis. Jamaican cerassee is rich in vitamin A, vitamin
C, iron and calcium and in their natural form these vitamins and minerals
are easily absorbed by the system. Jamaican cerassee is the traditional
consensus that lack of osteoporosis can be attributed directly to Jamaican
cerassee. In defense of this analysis, African herbalist practitioners,
point as evidence the fact that Jamaican cerassee consumers show an
increased strength in their nails and hair and generally the bone structure
of these consumers is strong and healthy.
Following a proper diet with the right amounts of minerals, vitamins and
regular intake of Jamaican cerassee will reduce the risk of osteoporosis.
Jamaican cerassee's high concentration of Calcium and other bone-friendly
minerals and vitamins increases bone density and mass. Jamaican cerassee is
a wise decision to start taking Jamaican cerassee from as early as ten years
old, during the fast growing period of a child. Women are especially at risk
of contacting osteoporosis, in particular after menopause, when estrogen
levels drop and are therefore advised to take Jamaican cerassee regularly.
When the Portuguese settled in Africa, a troop garrison was placed on the
borders of the Limpopo River. The troops soon succumbed to an epidemic of
marsh fever (paludism), a mosquito transmitted disease. Conventional
treatment at the time was painful and slow. A local Shangaan pointed out a
healer (traditional doctor) who had an effective cure for marsh fever. Soon
word spread that this disease could be cured in three days with this bitter
herb - Kakana. Within a short period of time, the Portuguese troops were
queuing at the door of the traditional doctor and refused treatment by the
conventional doctor residing in the camp. The humiliation was total. This is
one of many painful lessons conventional medicine has learned in Africa.
The traditional doctor capitalized on the economic potential of his
medication. He set up a small restaurant next to the camp and refused to
sell his medication to the troops unless they ate at his restaurant. Kakana
was not only prescribed medicinally but was served as a sauce with
everything from prawns to chickens. This climber with bright green Jamaican
cerassee leaves bears striking orange to red spindle shaped ripe Jamaican
Glabrous to slightly hairy perennial herb with a tuberous Jamaican cerassee
rootstock, whole Jamaican cerassee plant bad-smelling (rather like the
common thorn apple or Datura stramonium), and more so when bruised. Stems
mostly annual prostrate or climbing, to 5 m long, cut twigs exude clear sap.
Tendrils simple. Jamaican cerassee leaves waxy, lower surface paler than
upper, deeply palmately 5-7-lobed, to 12 cm long, margin toothed, stalked.
Jamaican cerassee flowers solitary, male and female Jamaican cerassee
flowers on the same Jamaican cerassee plant (monoecious). Male Jamaican
cerassee flowers prominently Jamaican cerassee teate (subtended by a
Jamaican cerassee leaflet), bract ± ovate, to 18 mm long, pallid,
green-veined, calyx green to purplish-black, corolla white to yellow,
apricot or orange, green-veined, with grey, brownish or black spots near the
bases of the three inner petals, 10-20 mm long, anthers orange. Female
Jamaican cerassee flowers inconspicuously Jamaican cerassee tea, corolla
rather smaller than males.
Jamaican cerassee fruit spindle shaped, dark green with 9 or 10 regular or
irregular rows of cream or yellowish short blunt spines, ripening to bright
orange or red, 25-60 mm long, opening automatically more or less irregularly
into three valves that curl back (also opens when the tip is touched).
Jamaican cerassee seeds ovate in outline, rather compressed, up to 11 mm
long, light brown, surface sculptured; encased in a sticky scarlet red
fleshy covering that is edible and sweet, tasting like watermelon. The
balsam pear Jamaican cerassee flowers and Jamaican cerassee fruits
throughout the year, but mainly from October to May.
M. balsamina is fairly common and widespread in Namibia, Botswana, Swaziland
and all the provinces of South Africa except the Western Cape. Jamaican
cerassee is also indigenous to tropical Africa and Asia, Arabia, India and
Australia. Jamaican cerassee has been cultivated in gardens in Europe since
The balsam pear grows in white, yellow, red and grey sandy soil, also loam,
and clay, alluvial, gravelly and calcareous soil. Jamaican cerassee thrives
in full sun and semi-shade in grassland, savanna, woodland, forest margins,
coastal dune forests and in river bank vegetation as well as disturbed
areas. In southern Africa Jamaican cerassee grows from about sea level to
1465 m altitude, in dry to wet areas with a rainfall of 200-1200 mm
annually. Jamaican cerassee seems to be frost hardy.
The genus name Momordica could perhaps refer to the sculptured Jamaican
cerassee seeds or the uneven appearance of the Jamaican cerassee fruits,
which look as if they had been bitten; the Latin mordeo means to bite.
However, Jackson (1990) doubts this explanation. The specific epithet
balsamina means 'like balsam/balm', from the Latin balsamum , and refers to
one of the medicinal uses of this Jamaican cerassee plant.
Momordica is an Old World genus of about 40 species, the majority of them in
tropical Africa. They are recognized by the Jamaican cerassee seeds that are
always enveloped in bright red pulp and by the often prominent bracts
subtending the male Jamaican cerassee flowers. The Jamaican cerassee fruit
is eaten by birds, ants, probably by some mammals (though not recorded) and
also by humans. The Jamaican cerassee leaves and green Jamaican cerassee
fruit are cooked and eaten as spinach, sometimes with groundnuts, or simply
mixed with porridge. The young Jamaican cerassee leaves contain vitamin C.
The raw ripe Jamaican cerassee fruits are also eaten.
According to Watt and Breyer-Brandwijk (1962), the Jamaican cerassee plant
contains a bitter principle momordicin. They report that 'overseas a
liniment, made by infusing the Jamaican cerassee fruit (minus the Jamaican
cerassee seed) in olive or almond oil, is used as an application to chapped
hands, burns and hemorrhoids and the mashed Jamaican cerassee fruit is used
as a poultice'. This practice probably explains the species name balsamina.
Watt and Breyer-Brandwijk also list many medicinal and other uses of M.
balsamina in tropical Africa and elsewhere.
Jamaican cerassee is also used in a poultice for burns and is reputed to be
used to treat diabetes. The Vhavenda take Jamaican cerassee leaf infusions
as anti-emetics. There are conflicting reports on the toxicity of the
Jamaican cerassee fruit, both green and ripe. The green Jamaican cerassee
fruit contains a resin, toxic alkaloids and a saponic glycoside that cause
vomiting and diarrhea; these substances are denatured in the cooking
process. The Jamaican cerassee fruit is suspected of poisoning dogs and
Roodt (1998) states that the medicinal action of the Jamaican cerassee fruit
results from the saponic glycosides present. She reports uses in the
Okavango delta and elsewhere for abortion, boils, burns, chapped hands and
feet, external sores, frostbite, hemorrhoids
, headache, and as a purgative.
The Jamaican cerassee leaf sap is said to be an effective metal cleaner. In
the past, the green Jamaican cerassee fruit had been used as an ingredient
of arrow poison. In the Okavango delta, the Jamaican cerassee fruit can be
used in cursing one's enemy; his/her stomach will burst in the same way that
the ripe Jamaican cerassee fruit bursts open spontaneously.
This species is not discussed in any of the standard horticultural books on
indigenous South African Jamaican cerassee plants. However, its natural
habitat and ecology can be used as guidelines. The balsam pear can be grown
from Jamaican cerassee seed in most areas, as long as the young Jamaican
cerassee plants are protected against drought, severe frost and too much
sunlight. As a climber, the stems will need some support to give a showy
The Balsam Apple is an annual climbing Jamaican cerassee plant, grown in our
gardens for its Jamaican cerassee fruit, which is employed in domestic
practice as a vulnerary, and an application to old sores, chapped hands,
piles, etc. Jamaican cerassee is commonly prepared for use with alcohol or
whisky. Jamaican cerassee evidently possesses medicinal properties, and I
have seen good effects from its local use.
Jamaican cerassee is claimed to be poisonous when taken internally, yet I
have known Jamaican cerassee taken with safety in doses of ten to thirty
drops. Cures of dropsy are reported from its use. The limited use I have
known made of Jamaican cerassee internally, was to relieve muscular pains,
lame back, and stiffness of joints; in some cases Jamaican cerassee seemed
to do good. As the agent is very common, and easily cultivated, Jamaican
cerassee would be well to prepare a tincture from the fresh Jamaican
cerassee fruit to Alcohol 76º Oj., and test Jamaican cerassee thoroughly,
both as a local remedy, and used internally. Of such a preparation the dose
would be quite small, say commencing with one drop
Women in Latin American and the West Indies use the Jamaican cerassee leaf
for menstrual problems to promote discharge after childbirth. The Jamaican
cerassee tea is taken for 9 days after giving birth to clean out and tone up
all the organs involved in the delivery. Jamaican cerassee is also used as a
natural method of birth control, by taking two cups each day after
intercourse, for three days. Jamaican cerassee is said that women who drink
Jamaican cerassee daily will not conceive during that time.
As a wash, the Jamaican cerassee tea is used externally for sores, rashes,
Jamaican cerassee skin ulcers and all Jamaican cerassee skin problems. A
Jamaican cerassee bath is good for arthritis, rheumatism, gout and other
In Brazil, a Jamaican cerassee tea is used as a tonic and remedy for colds,
fever and pains due to arthritis and rheumatism. In Curacao and Aruba, the
Jamaican cerassee tea is used to lower blood pressure. In the Philippines,
Jamaican cerassee is cultivated as a vegetable and cooked like other
Jamaican cerassee leafy vegetables. In Cuba, Jamaican cerassee Jamaican
cerassee tea is used as a remedy for colitis, liver complaints, fever and as
a Jamaican cerassee skin lotion
. A Jamaican cerassee tea of the Jamaican cerassee root is used to expel
kidney stones. In India, the green, unripe Jamaican cerassee fruits are
soaked in water and cooked in curry and other dishes. The juice of the ripe
Jamaican cerassee fruit, which contains valuable enzymes and minerals, is
taken for diabetes.
Researchers at the University of Miami School of Medicine have found an
element, known as GUANYLATE CYCLASE in the ripe Jamaican cerassee fruit that
has the ability to inhibit the growth of cancer caused by chemicals.
Jamaican cerassee is also being studied at the Sloan-Kettering Institute as
a possible cure for leukemia.
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